October 31st in history has been of marked significance for many reasons, mostly for bad reasons. Some of the incidents that impacted lives and livelihood of humanity are listed below.
October 31st, 1984 in Indian History
October 31st, 1984 witnessed the killing of then Indian PM, Indira Gandhi. She was gunned down by her Sikh bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh as a backfire of Operation Blue Star. The Operation Blue Star was an administration backed military action carried out between 1 and 8 June 1984. The action was ordered by the PM to remove Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his followers from Golden temple of the Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar, Punjab. The operation had caused other unwarranted harms including the death of pilgrims, as well as damage to the Akal Takht. Operation was criticized by the Sikhs from all around the world.
31 Oct, 2013 Indonesian History
Indonesian Workers across country banded together to strike for upping their wages. Discontent among the workers was brewing as the government tried to put wage caps in place while the living cost and inflation were constantly increasing. The govt. had although raised the wages of workers it was not in proportionate to the to the rapid inflation that the growing economy was experiencing.
October 31st, 2012 Afghanistan History
Roadside Bomb Attack in the Helmand province of Afghanistan killed ten civilians, mainly women and children. The Killing earned a bad name for the administrative failure.
31 Oct, 2008 U.S History
Strong apprehension of a recession and higher unemployment brought down consumer spending in the US to fall in September by the biggest amount in past 4 years.
October 31st, 2008 Chinese History
State Media in China on this day reported that the fears of toxic chemical melamine being added to Chinese animal feed. The media also reported the presence of melamine in milk and eggs. Unethical use of Melamine reduces production costs while maintaining the protein count for quality inspections.
31 Oct, 2003, Malaysian History
On this day Malaysian PM Mahathir bin Mohamad retired After 22 long years in office and the Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi becomes the countries Prime Minister.
October 31st, 1968 Vietnamese History
36th US President Lyndon Johnson, after 5 months of negotiations making no progress, ordered an end to operation rolling thunder. Though, under domestic pressure president Johnson hoped that this move would bring an end to the fighting and pave the way for a negotiated settlement. In the course of operation tens of thousands of bombs were dropped over Vietnam and 900 aircrafts of US were lost apart from many thousands of military personnel.
31 Oct, 1971 England History
A bomb exploded in the Post Office tower in England that caused massive damage to the structure and assets fortunately with no injuries.
October 31st, 1983 US History
The Women, members of Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp protested anticipating arrival of U.S. Nuclear Missiles at Greenham Common air base. They cut through the perimeter fence and daubed emulsion paint on the runway before being detained.
31 Oct, 1997 American History
Jury of Boston held Louise Woodward a British Au Pair 19, guilty of second-degree murder for killing the baby in her care.
31 Oct, 1999 US/Egyptian History
A Boeing 767 of Egypt Air Flight 990 crashed shortly after taking off from John F. Kennedy International Airport. The flight was traveling from New York City to Cairo and reported crashed off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
31 Oct, 2002 U.S History
Former chief financial officer for Enron Corp, Andrew Fastow was indicted of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of Enron Corp in 78 such instances.
31 Oct, 1931 U.S History
In the aftermath of announcement made by Great Britain that they had decided to abandon the Gold Standard in mid-September public panic occurred. People got worried that their money was not safe in local banks. This led people to draw savings from the banks which in turn forced 827 banks to close. The pressure on banks was experienced even more than the 1929 stock market crash.
31 Oct, 1941 U.S.A. US History
The iconic National Memorial, Mt. Rushmore sculpture was completed after Gutzon Borglum and 400 stone masons sculpted the colossal 60-foot carvings of U.S. presidents. This project had been started on October 4th, 1927 as a tribute to the first 150 years of American history.
31 Oct, 1956 Egyptian History
The day is remembered after Suez Canal Crisis. Following Egypt’s decision to nationalize the Suez Canal, Britain and France began bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
31 Oct, 1942 British History
The Nazi Luftwaffe on this day launched the fiercest single daylight bombing attack since the Battle of Britain on the Cathedral City of Canterbury.
October 31st, 1950 Puerto Rico History
On this day uprising in Puerto Rico took and ugly fight between rebels and national guardsmen. Fighting went up in the streets of San Juan between rebels seeking Puerto Rico secession from the United States and 4000 National Guardsman who have been sent peace keeping in the city. Aircrafts were also used in bombing raids against the rebel hideouts in and around the mountain towns of Jayuya and Utuado. The Year alone marks migration of lakhs of Puerto Rico natives to mainland United states.
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