October 2nd in History of Mankind- Impacting Course of Life

October 2nd in history has been of considerable significance for many reasons, mostly for bad reasons. Some of the incidents that impacted the lives and livelihood of humanity are listed below.

The International Day of Non-Violence is marked on 2 October– On this day, we celebrate the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement.

Every year, we mark Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday on October 2 to pass the important message of non-violence and peace. Mahatma Gandhi, a leader in India’s Independence Movement, is revered across the world for his views toward living. He was born in the name of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in Porbandar, Gujarat, and he is often referred to as the “Father of Nation”.

The United Nations declared October 2 as “International Day of Non-Violence” on June 15 in 2007. Many cultural and educational celebrations are planned to remember the father of The Nation and spread his principles. People also go to places dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi on this day, such as Raj Ghat in Delhi, Mani Bhavan in Mumbai and Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat.

When Mahatma Gandhi travelled for a trip to South Africa for higher studies, He witnessed discrimination against Indians and the local population by their colonial leaders. He decided to combat discrimination with non-violence. His ideas immediately gained resonance with the people of all ages, and they embraced the peaceful civil disobedience movement. His non-violence campaign helped India to gain Independence in 1947.

American Civil activists for civil rights Martin Luther King Jr espoused the principles that Mahatma Gandhi taught. His principles — the Satya(truth), ahimsa(non-violence)and swaraj (self-rule) -were the foundation of numerous civil rights movements throughout the world. Martin Luther King Jr. referenced Mahatma Gandhi and the principles of his Satyagraha (peaceful refusal to accept the truth) in a number of his speeches.

October 2nd in the History of World- Important Events That Took Place

1187- Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders

1780- British army soldier John Andre was executed by the Americans as a spy for having confidential meetings between him and American General Benedict Arnold during the American Revolution.

1879- American poet Wallace Stevens, whose work explores the interaction of reality and what man can make of truth in his mind, was born in Reading, Pennsylvania.

1835- Battle of Gonzales: The first major military battle of the Texas War of Independence, the Battle of Gonzales, occurred between Texas rebels and Mexican troops. This battle marked the start of Texas War of Independence that led to the formation of the Republic of Texas.

1935- Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie ordered mobilization upon discovering that Italian forces were crossing the frontier to start the Italo-Ethiopian war.

1936- Charles Darwin’s return to England- The naturalist Charles Darwin returned to England in 1836, following an extended five-year voyage aboard the HMS Beagle. Onboard, Darwin collected the samples and observations that eventually led to Darwin’s theory on the evolution through natural selection.

1950- Peanuts Published for the First Time: Charles M. Schulz’s comic strip, Peanuts, was printed for the first time in 9 newspapers around the U.S.

1957- The British-American war classic The Bridge on the River Kwai had its world premiere, and it later won the Academy Award for best picture.

1958- Guinea declares independence: Guinea declared its independence from France.

1959- The television series based on science fiction and anthology The Twilight Zone debuted and quickly gained immense popularity, renowned for its twisty plots and moral lessons. The show was developed by Rod Serling.

1985- American actor Rock Hudson died, becoming one of the first Hollywood stars to be afflicted by AIDS-related issues. The extensive media coverage about his death attracted attention to the condition.

1992- Carandiru massacre: A prison riot in Carandiru Penitentiary, Brazil, led to the killing of over 100 inmates by the police.

1944- Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed

2002- Beltway sniper attacks begin: A series of coordinated sniper attacks occurred in Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia. The attacks lasted 3 weeks and resulted in the killing of 10 people.

2005- Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright August Wilson—who was best known for a cycle of plays, each set in a different decade of the 20th century, about Black American life—died at age 60.

2017- American singer and songwriter Tom Petty, whose roots-oriented guitar rock arose from the new-wave movement of the late 1970s and resulted in a string of hit singles and albums, died at age 66.

October 2nd in the History of India- Important Events on this Day

1912- Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm.

1954- Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal, India.

1986- Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.

October 2nd in the History of India– Birth Anniversaries of Popular People

1966- Kay Kay Menon, an Indian film, stage and television actor, who works in Hindi, Gujarati, Tamil, Marathi and Telugu cinema.

1968- Rohit Roy, Indian television and film actor.

1987- Zohmingliana Ralte, Indian professional footballer who plays primarily as a defender for Chennaiyin FC in the Indian Super League.

1993- Prachi Tehlan, Indian netball and basketball player, and an actress.

1866- Swami Abhedananda was a direct disciple of the 19th century mystic Ramakrishna Paramahansa and the founder of Ramakrishna Vedanta Math.

1869- Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial, nationalist, and political ethicist.

1900- Leela Roy was a progressive leftist and feminist Indian politician and reformer.

1904- Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of India.

1924- Tapan Sinha was Indian film director of his time forming a legendary quartet with Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen.

Today, 2nd October in History of India- Death Anniversaries of Popular People

1906- Raja Ravi Varma was a celebrated Indian painter and artist.

1982- Muktananda was the founder of Siddha Yoga.

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