November 20th in history has been of marked significance for many reasons, mostly for bad reasons. Some of the incidents that impacted lives and livelihood of humanity are listed below.
World Children’s Day is celebrated on 20 November to promote international togetherness, awareness among children worldwide, and improving children’s welfare.
November 20th in the World History- Important Event
1521- Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
1616- Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War
1637- Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
1695- Zumbi, the last King of the Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed and decapitated, his head displayed on a pike to dispel any legends of his immortality
1755- English minister William Pitt the Elder resigns- William Pitt the Elder, British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
1789- New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
1815- Second Treaty of Paris: France and her allies agree France will pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending the Napoleonic Wars
1890- Pope Leo XIII encyclical “On Slavery in the Missions”
1906- George Bernard Shaw’s play “Doctor’s Dilemma” premieres in London
1911- The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end
1945– Germany – – Nuremburg Trials
The Nuremburg Trials with an International Military Tribunal composed of four judges from each nation, United States, Soviet Union, Britain, and France, began when the charges were brought against 20 members of Germany’s Nazi leaders who have been accused of war crimes and the commission of crimes against humanity.
1931- Italy – – Peace keeping
Both states that comprised Italy and American put their efforts towards peace-keeping. They were said to be of “One Idea” regarding this matter.
1944– World War II – – Austria
Russian and American-made tanks had advanced on routes into the countries of Austria and Czechoslovakia. They were headed towards Lucenec, one of the most prominent Nazi communication locations in this region.
1947– Great Britain – – Queen Marries
Princess Elizabeth, the future queen of England, marries Philip Mountbatten in Westminster Abbey.
1953– Poland – – Calls For Support
The country of Poland called upon neighboring countries for support. Part of this support would be granted by Germany. There was concern that this new army would be German-dominated and cause a new world war. They requested to other countries such as France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Norway, Denmark, and the Netherlands regarding the gathering of troops. The Poland also joined Russia in the demand for a “Big Five” conference, concerning the future of Germany.
1959- U.S.A. – – Ford Anglia 105E- The first British Ford to be marketed to Americans was the Ford Anglia 105E with a new overhead valve engine and a four-speed gearbox. It was extraordinarily great and there was like nothing else on the road with it distinctive rear-sloping back window, frog-like headlights, and stylish colors.
1960- Peru — Tidal Waves– Violent tidal waves had swept through Peru. The death tolled only two people but nine people were listed as missing.
1962- U.S.A. – – U.S. Blockade Cuba Ends- President Kennedy, calls off the U.S. blockade of Cuba in return for promised removal of Soviet bombers from the island.
1968- U.S.A. – – Mine Explosion- Methane gas explosions in a West Virginia coal mine kills 78 men.
1973- Libya – – Khadafy- Col. Moammar Khadafy, the young leader of Libya, criticized the six-point Middle East peace plan initiated by the United States. Khadafy was pro-war, and thought the only other possible solution to the problems Middle East was to let Palestinians return to their homes. He also proposed that Jews entering Israel after 1948 return to their other countries of which they were a citizen. He thought this was the only solution for peace.
1975- Spain – – Francisco Franco- Generalissimo Francisco Franco, Western Europe’s last surviving dictator, dies after a month-long battle for life.
1979 Saudi Arabia – – Muslims Seize Grand Mosque- This event on November 20th is one of the terrible events in The History. Around 400 Armed Sunni Islamic Muslims, fundamentalist dissidents from the Al-Masjid, Seize the Grand Mosque and made hostages to the pilgrims who are there to attend Hajj, the traditional ( the pilgrimage that takes place towards Mecca ). The attack occurred on the day that concludes the Hajj. Due to the massive quantity ( fifty thousand people who worship ), many were released, but the terrorists did not release more than 6000 hostages. Saudi authorities have evacuated Mecca, and within the next two weeks, a series of attacks were mounted against the Grand Mosque, resulting in the deaths of many militants, National Guard members, and hostages. In the early months of December, after more than two weeks of gunfire, all remaining insurgents surrendered following the deaths of more than 250 people.
1985 Switzerland – – US Soviet Meeting- Soviet leader Gorbachev and U.S. President Reagan just ended their talks, some of which were semi-private, some of which were open to the public. Staff members worked through midnight, contemplating what to take away from the discussions. The same day, the U.S. and Soviet First Ladies Nancy Reagan and Raisa Gorbachev buried a message into a Red Cross Building cornerstone. This act was done to signify the promotion of peace. Soviet-U.S. Peace Talks Concluded, and the outcome being Analyzed.
1985– U.S.A. – – Windows 1.01– Microsoft launched its first version of a multi-tasking graphical user interface GUI for the PC (this allowed the user to run multiple windows with multiple programs switching between one and another). Windows 1.01 was the very first version of Windows that was launched at the very time. Windows 1.01 and all older versions of Windows before Windows 95 required MSDOS installed on the computer, and the user would install Windows from floppy discs.
1989- Czechoslovakia – – Velvet Revolution- Following the suppression of riot by police, a peaceful student demonstration consisting of 15,000 peacefully marchers on the November 17th in Prague, from November 20th the number of demonstrators grew as more ordinary and after that Czechs joined. They planned a national strike for the 27th, gained more support, and by the 28th, over 100,000 had taken to the streets in a peaceful demonstration of a non-violent revolution against Communist rule. On November 28th, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announced it would relinquish power and dismantle the single-party state, and free elections would be held. There is a great piece on Wikipedia giving a well-documented timeline for the Czechoslovakia Velvet Revolution.
1994- Bosnia – – Serbs and Muslims- Government soldiers were attacked by Serbs and Muslims in northwest Bosnia. They were trying to recover lost territory before the UN could intervene. However, U.S. plans to bomb Croatia at the airfield and was called off because of bad weather.
2001- U.S.A. – – Contraceptive Patch- The world’s first transdermal patch ( Ortho-Evra ) that gradually releases synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones to prevent ovulation and possible pregnancy is approved for sale by US Federal health officials. The patch is a weekly patch application applied each week for three weeks, and on the fourth week, no patch is applied.
2002 Russia – – Saddam Hussein- President George Bush and other leaders of the world involved in NATO decided to join in the confrontation against Saddam Hussein. They banned together to take a stand against terrorist attacks outside of European borders. President Bush wanted to see lasting changes that would bring true peace. He spoke of war being a temporary solution.
20th November in Indian history – Birth Anniversaries of Famous People
1950- Suhasini Mulay was born on this day. She is an Indian actress in Bollywood, Marathi and Assamese films as well as television.
1955- Pandalam Sudhakaran was born on this day. She is an Indian politician belongs to Indian National Congress party.
1969- Shilpa Shirodkar, Indian actress and former photo model who worked in Hindi-language films was born on 20th November.
1976- Tusshar Kapoor, Indian actor and producer who works appears in Hindi films, was born on this day.
1987- Sukirti Kandpal, Indian television actress known for her roles as Piya in Pyaar Kii Ye Ek Kahaani.
1989- Sai Dhanshika, Indian film actress, who predominantly appears in Tamil films.
1750-Tipu Sultan, son of Haidar Ali was born on this day. He was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore based in South India and a pioneer of rocket artillery.
1885- Sri Shilpi Siddanthi Siddalinga Swami, was a Royal Guru of Mysore State and Personal Guru of Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar of Mysore.
1910-Madras Kandaswami Radhakrishnan was an Indian actor who worked mainly in Tamil cinema.
November 20th in the History of India: Death Anniversaries of Popular People
1989-Hirābai Barodekar was an Indian Hindustāni classical music singer, of Kirana gharana.
2010-Santha Devi was an Indian Malayalam film and stage actress.
Important Event Happened in Indian History on November 20th
1955- Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ.
1986- World Health Organization announces first global effort to combat AIDS.
2015- More than half of all trees in Amazon forest at risk of extinction according to data published in journal “Sciences Advances”.
2018- Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan confirms he has paid off the debts of 1,398 farmers worth $560,000, amid Indian agricultural crisis.