NATO Full Form: When the incident of world war happened, this incident has put the whole world in a awe because a lot of damage was caused by this incident. In such a situation, all the countries wanted that such an incident never to happen again. Keeping this in mind, many countries came together and laid the foundation of the United Nations. And to give more power to this organization, a military organization was formed. If any country misuses its powers or does not follow the formation rules, then the strictest action will be taken against it. The countries involved in this formation agreed to share their army with the rest. In this way, when many countries got the army together, this organization was formed, named NATO.
This article will give you detailed information about NATO Full Form in Hindi, what is NATO, when it was established, where its headquarter? And which are its member countries?
NATO Full Form in Hindi
NATO का फुल फॉर्म “North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (नार्थ अटलांटिक ट्रीटी आर्गेनाइजेशन)” होता है। नाटो को हिंदी में उत्तर अटलांटिक संधि संगठन कहा जाता है। वर्तमान में नाटो के सदस्य देशो की संख्या 30 है।
What is NATO?
NATO is a military organization treaty also known as the Atlantic Alliance. All the countries included under NATO share their army among themselves; if there is any trouble in any country, this military organization provides full assistance to that country. The countries included under NATO also provide international training to strengthen their army. In addition to this, the soldiers are also ordered to deal strictly with every situation. For information, let me tell you that it is an intergovernmental military organization that was formed on 4 April 1949.
NATO History and Member Country List
The Soviet Union and the United States became more powerful after World War II. Due to which the whole of Europe was threatened, countries like France, Britain, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg made a treaty. In this treaty, it was decided that if any country is attacked, then all these countries together will give military assistance to that country collectively. And will help that country economically and socially.
After this, America started besieging the Soviet Union to make itself more powerful so that its influence could be reduced. For this reason, America offered the North Atlantic Treaty (NATO) under Article 15 of the Charter of the United Nations, which was signed by 12 countries. Apart from the United States, countries like Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Belgium, Iceland, Luxembourg, France, Canada, Italy and Denmark were included.
Apart from this, Spain, West Germany, Turkey, Greece joined it before the Cold War. When the Cold War ended, Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic joined the organization. After this, seven more countries joined this organization in 2004. Presently this organization has 30 member countries.
Friends, let me tell you that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters is located in Brussels, Belgium.
Why was NATO Established?
When the Second World War ended, the economic condition of Europe had become very bad, due to which the people there were facing many difficulties. The situation affected the people so much that they started living a low standard of life. Taking advantage of this situation, the Soviet Union wanted to control the whole world’s business by establishing communism in Turkey and Greece.
If the Soviet Union had won over Turkey at that time, it would have controlled the Black Sea, and this would have given him the advantage of easily establishing his communism in the surrounding countries. Apart from this, he also wanted to take Greece under his control.
In a way, the Soviet Union could control the trade along the route to the Mediterranean Sea. This thinking of the Soviet Union was very ideological, which America assessed very well. Keeping all this in mind, America formed NATO. For information, let me tell you that at that time, the President of America was Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who died suddenly. After which, Harry S Truman became the President of America.
During the Cold War, America proposed to stop the expansion of the Soviet Union, which was called the Truman Doctrine. The purpose of this doctrine was to impose restrictions on the influence of the Soviet Union and help all European countries. Under this principle, America provided aid to all those countries under the threat of communism.
US President Harry Truman compiled the NATO organization. In this formation, all those countries came together, which were threatened by communism and believed in saving democracy. Under NATO, it was decided that the security of all the countries involved would be taken care of. All the countries involved in the organization believed that if any member country is attacked, then that attack will be on the organization, and all the organization’s countries will face it together.
Friends, let me tell you that under the Marshall Scheme, Turkey and Greece were provided financial assistance of about $ 400 million, and at the same time, these countries were made members of NATO. It was a policy due to which Cold War between America and the Soviet Union continued for a long time.
The purpose of forming NATO
The main purpose of forming NATO was to organize the countries of Western Europe together as well as provide security to European states for military and economic development so that that country could secure and protect its independence. Apart from this, in view of the conditions of war, NATO has decided that whenever there is any attack on the member countries, it will provide full assistance to deal with that attack and will also help them financially and socially.
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