List of the Department of Central Government of India And Their Functions

1. Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DAR&PG), Government of India and its functions

The Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances is the nodal agency of the Government of India for administrative reforms. It has also the responsibility to redress of the public grievances relating to the States in general. In addition, it also manages the grievances pertaining to Central Government agencies in particular. Moreover, the Department circulates information on important activities of the Government relating to administrative reforms and public grievance redressal through publications and documentation. Even, it also undertakes activities in the field of international exchange and cooperation to promote public service reforms.

2. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Its function

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (formerly Ministry of Agriculture) is a branch of the Government of India. It is the top body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws related to agriculture. This department runs the program of Agriculture MMP. Its aim is to replicate the agricultural e-governance projects being carried in different states at a national level.

3. Department of Agriculture Research and Education, Government of India

It’s responsibilities are basic including operation research, technology development, improving linkages between various organisations and state governments across the country. In addition, this Department manages the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

4. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries

This department is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection and improvement of stocks, dairy development. And also for matters relating to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board. It also looks after all matters pertaining to fishing and fisheries Development Board. The Department advises the State Governments/ Union Territories in the formulation Policies and programs in the field of animal husbandry, dairy development and fisheries.

5. Department of Commerce, Govt. of India, and its Function

The Department formulates, implements and monitors the Foreign Trade Policy (FTP). So, it provides the basic framework of policy and strategy to be followed for promoting exports and trade. The Trade Policy is periodically reviewed to analyze the economic scenarios both in the domestic and international economy. Moreover, the responsibilities relating to multilateral and bilateral commercial relations, Special Economic Zones, state trading, export promotion and trade facilitation, and development and regulation of certain export orientated industries and commodities falls under this department.

6. Department of Food & Civil Supplies, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Civil Supplies and its Function

In the management of the above subjects, the Department task is broadly classified into three categories –

General Supplies— The main objective of the Department is to ensure regular supply of foodstuffs at reasonable price to the general public. And also to ensure supply of essential commodities at reasonable price to the public at large.

Legal Metrology- This department is headed by the Joint Controller of Legal Metrology under the direct control of the Director, FCS & CA Department. Their main task is to check weights and measures.

Consumer Affairs— Its main function is to protect and promote consumer rights. To do so, State Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum known as “State Commission” were set up. Additionally, at State level and 8 District Consumer Forums were set up in all 8 Districts of the State.

7. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce, Government of India and its Function

It formulates and implements the industrial policy and strategies for industrial development in compliance with the development needs and national objectives. While individual Administrative Ministries look after the production, distribution, development and planning aspects of specific industries allocated to them. It is also responsible for facilitating and increasing the foreign direct investment (FDI) flows to the country.

8. Department of Personnel & Training, Government of India and its Function

The formulation of policy and the watchdog of the Government comes into the DOPT.  It ensures that the norms laid down by it must be followed by all ministries/departments in the recruitment, regulation of service conditions and posting transfers and deputation of personnel as well as other related issues.

It solely controls the cadres of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Central Secretariat Service (CSS).

9. Director General of Income Tax (Legal & Research), Income Tax Department

The Income Tax Department, is a government agency undertaking direct tax collection of the Government of India. It functions under the Department of Revenue of the Ministry of Finance. Income Tax Department works under the apex body Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT). Its main responsibility is enforcement of various direct tax laws.The IT Department is also responsible for enforcing the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements and deals with various aspects of international taxation such as Transfer pricing.

10. Employee’s State Insurance Corporation, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Govt. of India

(i) The aim is to provide certain benefits to employees in case of sickness,         maternity, health and employment injury.

(ii) To secure the health of employees of factories and establishment.

(iii) The aim is to pay dependents benefits to dependents of each employees.

(iv) It aims is to acquit the liability under employer compensation Act, 1923 and the maternity benefit Act, 1961.

11. Ministry of Company Affairs, Government of India and its Function

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) is an Indian government ministry. This Ministry is primarily concerned with administration of the Companies Act 2013, the Companies Act 1956, the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 & other allied Acts and rules & regulations framed there-under mainly for regulating the functioning of the corporate sector in accordance with law. It is responsible mainly for regulation of Indian enterprises in Industrial and Services sector.

12. Ministry of Defence, Government of India and its Function

The Ministry of Defence (MoD; IAST: Rakṣā Maṃtrālaya) is charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Indian armed forces. So, this Ministry has the largest budget among the federal departments of India and currently maintains fifth in military expenditure,among countries of the world.

The Ministry of Defence provides policy framework and resources to the armed forces to discharge their responsibility in the context of the defence of the country. The Indian Armed Forces (including Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy) and Indian Coast Guard under the Ministry of Defence are primarily responsible for ensuring the territorial integrity of the nation. Moreover, the ministry organizes and runs Republic Day celebrations and parade every year in January, hosting a chief guest.

13. Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, and its Functions

The main responsibility of the Foreign Minister is to represent India and its government in the international community. So, the Foreign Minister plays an important role in determining Indian foreign policy. Occasionally,  Minister of State for External Affairs or the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of External Affairs assists the Foreign Minister.

There are two important roles for a Ministry of Foreign Affairs:  The one is political negotiation between governments over international conflict and cooperation; the other one is to assist domestic firms in their international trade and marketing.  Both of these “functions” are consider to be “in the national interest.” But, on occasion there must be internal negotiations within the Ministry if the trade and marketing endeavors seem likely to contradict the international relations endeavors.

14. Ministry of Finance, Government of India, and its Function

The Ministry of Finance is the apex controlling authority of the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Economic Service, Indian Cost Accounts Service and Indian Civil Accounts Service.

  • Prepare the annual fiscal budget and issue adequate regulations for its execution.
  • Manage government financial assets.
  • Propose bills related to the management of government employees, particularly bills related to staffing, salaries, benefits and pensions.
  • Participate in the negotiation of international free trade and financial agreements.
  • Exercise all powers and rights as conferred on it in the Central Bank Law.

15. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, its Functions

The ministry of home affairs is mainly responsible for the maintenance of internal security and domestic policy.

(i) The Home Ministry is also the cadre controlling authority for the Indian Police Service (IPS), DANIPS and DANICS in India. The ministry is assorted in two different categories for controlling the authority. So, Police-I Division of the ministry is the cadre controlling authority in respect of the Indian Police Service. Whereas, the UT Division is the administrative division for DANIPS and DANICS. So, all India Services officers posted and working in the Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT) cadre falls  under the domain of the administrative division.

(ii) Law and order: The issues relating to policing, modernization, and its weaponry all falls under its domain including training of IPS officers.

(iii)J&K: Home ministry is totally responsible for Kashmir’s Law and order situation. Even, It is also responsible for the amount of paramilitary forces that should be involved in J&K and training of its police personnel.

(iv) North-east: Home Ministry also overseas North eastern policies relating to policing, Security and their stability. Moreover, Home Ministry frames its  developmental policies.

(v)Paramilitary Forces: Paramilitary forces such as BSF, CRPF, SSB, CISF, ITBP comes directly under the purview of Home Ministry. And, Security of Border Regions: It seems like this comes under army but actually its work of Home Ministry.

(vi) National Security Guard: This elite anti-terror force for emergency situations also is a quintessential part of Home Ministry.

(vii) Central Bureau Intelligence: Like other agencies, this agency also belongs to HM. Moreover, Central deputation of police officers and their further training comes under the HM.

(viii) Home Ministry recommends the appointment of the Governors.

16. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, and its Functions

The Ministry of Urban Development works towards preparation and administration of the rules, regulations. It has also the responsibility of managing the laws related to the housing and urban development in India. So, the Ministry of Urban Development works at the national level to conceptualize policies, sponsors and support programs. And, it also coordinates the activities of the central and the state ministries and nodal authorities.

17. Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, and its Functions

The socio-economic development of rural India comes under the task of the Ministry of Rural Development. Most importantly, its focus is on health, education, drinking water, housing and roads.

18. Ministry of Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India, and its Function

The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation is the apex body of the Government of India. So, it works for formulation and administration of rules and regulations relating to the development of the water resources in India.

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