December 11th in history has been of considerable significance for many reasons, mostly for bad reasons. Some of the incidents that impacted the lives and livelihood of humanity are mentioned below:
December 11th in World History- Important Events on this Day
361 – Julian enters Constantinople (at that time, this city was capital of the eastern part of the Roman Empire) as sole Emperor of the Roman Empire.
630 – Muhammad was leading an army of 10,000 to conquer Mecca on this day.
861 – Turkish guard had assassinated the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil on this day, who raise al-Muntasir to the throne. It was the beginning of the “Anarchy at Samarra”.
969 – Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas is assassinated by his wife Theophano and her lover, the later Emperor John I Tzimiskes.
1282 – Battle of Orewin Bridge: Llywelyn ap Gruffudd was the last native Prince of Wales, and was killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, in mid-Wales.
1572 – On 1572, the Spanish military begin to siege of Haarlem.
1602 – A surprise attack on this day by troops under the command of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and his brother-in-law (Philip III of Spain), is repelled by the citizens of Geneva. (Commemorated annually by the Fête de l’ Escalade.)
1688 – Glorious Revolution for England: On this day, while James II of England was trying to flee to the France, allegedly threw the Great Seal of the Realm into the River Thames.
1792 – French Revolution: The organization, National Convention had put the King Louis XVI of France on trial for treason.
1815 – The U.S. Senate creates a select committee on finance and a uniform national currency, predecessor of the United States Senate Committee on Finance.
1816 – Indiana becomes the 19th U.S. state.
1845 – In Indian, it was grief period as the East India Company was on their way to control over the Punjab (the state of five rivers). On this day, it was the first battle between English and Sikhs. In 1849, Punjab lost its independence. This is referred as the first Anglo-Sikh War.
1868 – Paraguayan War: A battle between Brazilian and Paraguayan. These are the countries of South America Continent. On this day, Brazilian forces defeated Paraguayan at the Battle of Avay.
1899 – Second Boer War: In the Battle of Magersfontein the Boers led by general Piet Cronje fall on the troops that were part of the British Empire under the command of Lord Methuen, who was trying to ease the siege of Kimberley.
1903 – On this day, the British troops under MacDonald & Younghusband marched into Tibet (Now the part of China)
1905 – A workers’ revolt started in Kiev on this day, Ukraine (then part of the Soviet Union), which on later established the Shuliavka Republic.
1907 – A fired occurred in the New Zealand Parliament Buildings. It was deadly one that had almost completely destroyed it.
1917 – World War I: The English General Edmund Allenby entered into the Jerusalem on foot and declared martial law in the same region.
1920 – Irish War of Independence: When IRA revolted on the day, the British forces in the retaliation of an IRA ambush, the forces burned and looted several buildings in Cork city. More so, numerous civilians also had been beaten, robbed, shot at, and even verbally abused.
1927 – Guangzhou Uprising: Communist Red Guards on the day launched a revolt in Guangzhou, China, and consequently taken control over most of the city and formed Guangzhou Soviet.
1931 – Statute of Westminster 1931: The British Parliament (English Parliament) enacted a legislative equality between the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the Commonwealth— Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, South Africa, and New found land.
1936 – Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII was renounced as the throne of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India, on this day. It was quite seen as the effective step.
1937 – Second Italo-Ethiopian War: Italy, a prominent country decided to leave the League of Nations.
1941 – World War II: Germany as well as Italy declared war against United States, following the Americans declaration of war against the Empire of Japan in the aftermath of an attack at Pearl Harbor. In turn, the United States, in turn declares war against them.
1941 – World War II: Poland on this day declared war on the Empire of Japan.
1941 – World War II: It was the time of World War II, when Imperial Japanese Navy suffered its first loss of surface vessels during the Wake Island Battle.
1948 – Arab–Israeli War: The UN (United Nations) on the day passed a General Assembly Resolution 194. It was a Conciliation Commission to mediate the conflict occurred between countries.
1958 – French Upper Volta and French Dahomey receive autonomy from France which is then became the Republic of Upper Volta and the Republic of Dahomey (now Benin) respectively, and becoming part of with the French Community.
1960 – French forces become more strict with the protesters when a violent clash occurred with protesters in French Algeria during a tour by French President Charles de Gaulle.
1964 – Che Guevara (a prominent communist) speaks at the UNs General Assembly in the New York City.
1967 – On the day, a disastrous earthquake 6.5 was recorded in West India, and atleast killed 170 people.
1969 – A great day for Libya as the country adopts constitution on the very day.
1978 – The Lufthansa heist was committed by a group headed by Lucchese family friend Jimmy Burke. It was the biggest cash robbery to ever be carried out on American territory at the time..
1980 – On the day, U.S. Congress enacted the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund).
1981 – El Mozote massacre: During the Salvadoran Civil War, the armed forces killed at least 900 civilians in an anti-guerilla war in El Salvador.
1990 – On this day, the students and workers started the demonstrations across the Albania that somehow triggered the fall of communism in the countrty.
1994 – First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin ordered Russian forces into Chechnya which turn into the first Chechen War.
1994 – An unpredictable event happened on this day. In the Philippine Airlines Flight 434, a bomb exploded that had killed one. The flight was en route from Manila, Philippines, to Tokyo, and Japan. The captain of the plane was able to safely land it.
1997 – The Kyoto Protocol opened for signature on this day.
1998 – Thai Airways Flight 261 crashed on 11th December, near Surat Thani Airport. In the crash almost 101 people has been killed. The pilot flying the Airbus A310-300 is thought to have suffered spatial disorientation.
2001 – The People’s Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization (WTO).
2005 – The Buncefield Oil Depot catches fire in Hemel Hempstead, England.
2005 – Cronulla riots: Thousands of White Australians demonstrate against ethnic violence resulting in a riot against anyone thought to be Lebanese in Cronulla, New South Wales; these are followed up by retaliatory ethnic attacks on Cronulla.
2006 – The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran, by then-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; nations such as Israel and the United States express concern.
2006 – Felipe Calderón, the President of Mexico, launches a military-led offensive to put down the drug cartel violence in the state of Michoacán. This effort is often regarded as the first event in the Mexican Drug War.
2007– Insurgency in the Maghreb: Two car bombs explode in Algiers, Algeria, one near the Supreme Constitutional Court and the other near the offices of the United Nations.
2012 – At least 125 people are killed and up to 200 injured in bombings in the Alawite village of Aqrab, Syria