Illiteracy is the major problem in India. It is off course pulling behind the development of India. Illiteracy makes a huge impact not only at the societal level, but at national level. Reads the Blog to know the 10 points on Illiteracy in India.
Facts on Illiteracy and education in India
1. The world’s largest adult population of 287 million illiterates lives in India. This represents 37% of the overall global total.
2. In India, 47.78% out of total school-age children are girls. The schooling of their children will be impacted by the fact that they will be counted as illiterate women in the upcoming census.
3. In terms of Dalit literacy in India, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh rank among the bottom five states.
4. Since India’s independence, the country’s literacy rate has climbed six times. Despite an increase in literacy from 12% in 2001 to 74% in 2011, India still has the biggest proportion of adult illiterates in the world.
5. In Bihar, the literacy rate for Dalit women was 38.5% in 2011. It stands considerably behind India’s trend of advancement. The national literacy rate in India, which was 43.7 in 1981, is still 30 years behind this figure.
6. In India, 60 lakh kids are still not enrolled in school.
7. The RTE Act has not yet been fully implemented in 92% of government schools.
8. India’s female literacy rate is 123rd out of 135 nations.
9. India comes up at number four in South Asia, trailing Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, both of which had female-to-male ratios of 0.85 and 0.97, respectively.
10. The proportion of female instructors in total has increased from 29.3% in 1991 to 47.16% in 2013–14.
Government Steps to Minimize Illiteracy
To encourage kids and adults to pursue education, the government administers a variety of scholarship exams and distributes school supplies like as uniforms, books, and stationery.
In an effort to increase enrollment, attendance, and retention in public schools, the government introduced the Mid Day Meal Scheme in 1995.
The government started the Samagra Shiksha Program with the overarching objective of enhancing school performance. Equal educational opportunities and fair learning outcomes will be used to gauge this.
To raise awareness of the value of education, awareness programmes were undertaken in rural regions. They were urged to enrol their kids in school or go themselves.
The internationally “World Literacy Day 2022” has been recognised to spread the awareness of Literacy around the world.
How to improve your own literacy development
You may do a lot of things to improve your literacy level and compete the illiteracy. These consist of:
(a) Engage in discussions with peers about knowledge sharing.
(b) Get familiar with a variety of reading materials, such as newspapers, books, comics, magazines, websites, etc.
(c) Composing in several dimensions with a variety of formats
(d) Participate in discussions about critical political issues with friends and family.
(e) Learn more about the topics that intrigue and interest you. (f) Research on movies, music, art, history, etc. is one example of this.